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SESSION Variables in PHP 5.2.8

 
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baptiste
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Joined: 12 May 2009
Posts: 1

PostPosted: Tue May 12, 2009 3:51 am    Post subject: SESSION Variables in PHP 5.2.8 Reply with quote

Hello,

I am using PHP 5.2.8 and I am having the problems with sessions variables. I am not able to move from one page to another with session variables.

This is an example of what I am doing:

<?php
if (session_id()=='') {
session_start();
}
$_SESSION['name']="Hello";
print "<br>";
print "Session Variable is : ".$_SESSION['name'];
?>

That is the code in one page. and I want to access the session variable in another page like:

<?php
if (session_id()=='') {
session_start();
}
print "<br>";
print "Session Variable is : ".$_SESSION['name'];
?>

I am not able to catch this variable.



The SESSION configuration section looks like shown below:



[Session]
; Handler used to store/retrieve data.
session.save_handler = files

; Argument passed to save_handler. In the case of files, this is the path
; where data files are stored. Note: Windows users have to change this
; variable in order to use PHP's session functions.
;
; As of PHP 4.0.1, you can define the path as:
;
; session.save_path = "N;/path"
;
; where N is an integer. Instead of storing all the session files in
; /path, what this will do is use subdirectories N-levels deep, and
; store the session data in those directories. This is useful if you
; or your OS have problems with lots of files in one directory, and is
; a more efficient layout for servers that handle lots of sessions.
;
; NOTE 1: PHP will not create this directory structure automatically.
; You can use the script in the ext/session dir for that purpose.
; NOTE 2: See the section on garbage collection below if you choose to
; use subdirectories for session storage
;
; The file storage module creates files using mode 600 by default.
; You can change that by using
;
; session.save_path = "N;MODE;/path"
;
; where MODE is the octal representation of the mode. Note that this
; does not overwrite the process's umask.
;session.save_path = "/tmp"

; Whether to use cookies.
session.use_cookies = 1

;session.cookie_secure =

; This option enables administrators to make their users invulnerable to
; attacks which involve passing session ids in URLs; defaults to 0.
; session.use_only_cookies = 1

; Name of the session (used as cookie name).
session.name = PHPSESSID

; Initialize session on request startup.
session.auto_start = 0

; Lifetime in seconds of cookie or, if 0, until browser is restarted.
session.cookie_lifetime = 0

; The path for which the cookie is valid.
session.cookie_path = /

; The domain for which the cookie is valid.
session.cookie_domain =

; Whether or not to add the httpOnly flag to the cookie, which makes it inaccessible to browser scripting languages such as JavaScript.
session.cookie_httponly =

; Handler used to serialize data. php is the standard serializer of PHP.
session.serialize_handler = php

; Define the probability that the 'garbage collection' process is started
; on every session initialization.
; The probability is calculated by using gc_probability/gc_divisor,
; e.g. 1/100 means there is a 1% chance that the GC process starts
; on each request.

session.gc_probability = 1
session.gc_divisor = 1000

; After this number of seconds, stored data will be seen as 'garbage' and
; cleaned up by the garbage collection process.
session.gc_maxlifetime = 1440

; NOTE: If you are using the subdirectory option for storing session files
; (see session.save_path above), then garbage collection does *not*
; happen automatically. You will need to do your own garbage
; collection through a shell script, cron entry, or some other method.
; For example, the following script would is the equivalent of
; setting session.gc_maxlifetime to 1440 (1440 seconds = 24 minutes):
; cd /path/to/sessions; find -cmin +24 | xargs rm

; PHP 4.2 and less have an undocumented feature/bug that allows you to
; to initialize a session variable in the global scope, albeit register_globals
; is disabled. PHP 4.3 and later will warn you, if this feature is used.
; You can disable the feature and the warning separately. At this time,
; the warning is only displayed, if bug_compat_42 is enabled.

session.bug_compat_42 = 0
session.bug_compat_warn = 1

; Check HTTP Referer to invalidate externally stored URLs containing ids.
; HTTP_REFERER has to contain this substring for the session to be
; considered as valid.
session.referer_check =

; How many bytes to read from the file.
session.entropy_length = 0

; Specified here to create the session id.
session.entropy_file =

;session.entropy_length = 16

;session.entropy_file = /dev/urandom

; Set to {nocache,private,public,} to determine HTTP caching aspects
; or leave this empty to avoid sending anti-caching headers.
session.cache_limiter = nocache

; Document expires after n minutes.
session.cache_expire = 180

; trans sid support is disabled by default.
; Use of trans sid may risk your users security.
; Use this option with caution.
; - User may send URL contains active session ID
; to other person via. email/irc/etc.
; - URL that contains active session ID may be stored
; in publically accessible computer.
; - User may access your site with the same session ID
; always using URL stored in browser's history or bookmarks.
session.use_trans_sid = 0

; Select a hash function
; 0: MD5 (128 bits)
; 1: SHA-1 (160 bits)
session.hash_function = 0

; Define how many bits are stored in each character when converting
; the binary hash data to something readable.
;
; 4 bits: 0-9, a-f
; 5 bits: 0-9, a-v
; 6 bits: 0-9, a-z, A-Z, "-", ","
session.hash_bits_per_character = 5

; The URL rewriter will look for URLs in a defined set of HTML tags.
; form/fieldset are special; if you include them here, the rewriter will
; add a hidden <input> field with the info which is otherwise appended
; to URLs. If you want XHTML conformity, remove the form entry.
; Note that all valid entries require a "=", even if no value follows.
url_rewriter.tags = "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=fakeentry"


I went thru many posts but I can't get a rid of this. please, help me.

Regards,

Jean Baptiste
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anybody
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Joined: 17 Mar 2008
Posts: 90

PostPosted: Tue May 12, 2009 4:38 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Maybe this will help you.

http://us2.php.net/manual/en/session.constants.php
http://us2.php.net/manual/en/session.constants.php wrote:

SID (string)
Constant containing either the session name and session ID in the form of "name=ID" or empty string if session ID was set in an appropriate session cookie. This is the same id as the one returned by session_id().
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pkSML
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Joined: 29 May 2006
Posts: 866
Location: Michigan, USA

PostPosted: Wed May 13, 2009 5:38 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Always use session_start() on every page you want to use with sessions (ie both of them). Take it out of the if statement. That will take care of your problem.


Quote:
session_start() creates a session or resumes the current one based on the current session id that's being passed via a request, such as GET, POST, or a cookie.

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Toasty
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Joined: 21 Feb 2008
Posts: 287
Location: Chicago, IL

PostPosted: Sat Apr 02, 2011 6:59 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

You could do the following as well to start sessions if they're not done already:


if (!is_array($_SESSION))
session_start();


This is useful in situations where you use includes sometimes, and not other times, makes sure the session is always available and only started once.
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